A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z





FACE
- The surface of a coin and referred to as either the obverse or the reverse.
FACE VALUE
- The denomination of a coin.
FACSIMILE
- An exact copy or reproduction. See Copy.
FAKE
- An unlawful copy of a coin, usually a rarity, produced to deceive collectors. See also Counterfeit, Forgery.
FANTASY
- See Concoction.
FDC
- Mint bloom; uncirculated. Derived from the French term, Fleur de Coin, having the same meaning.
FIAT MONEY
- The name formerly given to paper currency which was issued by a government but which was not redeemable in coin or bullion.
FIELD
- The flat, undetailed part of the surface of a coin surrounding and between the portrait, symbol, legend and other raised portions of the design.
FILLER
- A coin that is of such low grade relative to other easily available grades for a particular denomination and date that its only purpose is to "fill a hole" in a collection usually for very little cost and only until a more desirable example appears.
FIND
- Term applied to a discovery of coins; also called a hoard when the quantity is large.
FINENESS
- The purity (ie. its freedom from alloy) of gold or silver and always expressed in terms of one thousand parts.
FINEST KNOWN
- A designation bestowed on a coin when it is recognized by a large group of knowledgeable specialists in the area as the best available example for that denomination and date. Sometimes a distinction will be made between examples in a museum and those in the possession of the trade or privately owned. Often deliberately confused by some advertisers with the expression "finest they have seen" which usually means something very different. See also Condition Census.
FINGERPRINT
- The likeness of a fingerprint which is etched into the toning of some coins. Caused by the action of skin oils with the metal over time. Very often such fingerprints cannot be removed without damage to the coin. Coins, if they are to be held, should be held by their edges to avoid such problems.
FIRST STRIKE
- An unofficial term referring to a coin struck shortly after a new die is put into use. Such coins often have prooflike surfaces and resemble proofs in certain (but not all) characteristics. Resurfaced previously used dies sometimes have these characteristics. See New Die Proofs.
FISH SCALES
- A reference to Canada's small 5 cent silver coins minted until 1921.
FISSURES
- A small crack or imperfection in a coining die or die blank.
FLAN
- Same as Planchet.
FLAT
- That part of the rim between the denticles and the edge of the coin.
FLOOR BID
- A bid received at an auction from a bidder "on the floor," ie. where the auctioneer is calling the action.
FLOW LINES
- Reference to the metal flow lines that radiate out from the centres of the surfaces of a coin as a result of the extreme pressure of the dies on the planchet. Not seen on cast coins.
FLIP
- See Holder.
FLUORESCENT LIGHTING
- Typical lighting seen in a commercial building. Diffused lighting (as opposed to pin point lighting in incandescent lamps) from a phosphor coated tubular lamp. Very poor quality of light for detecting fine hairlines and other obscure coin irregularities. See Incandescent Lighting.
FLYSPECKS
- Minute oxidation spots often seen on the surfaces of coins, particularly higher grade copper and nickel coins, caused by exposure to small drops of moisture.
FORGERY
- Any false coin, produced for whatever purpose, is a forgery. Forgery is also the act of making false coins.
FRACTIONAL CURRENCY
- Paper money in denominations of less than a dollar. Canada's only fractional currency is the 25 cent note of the period 1870-1923. Also called Shinplaster (slang).
FREAK
- Conspicuous deviation from the normal. Outmoded name for oddity or error, eg., an off-metal strike.
FROST
- Also Frosting. A matte like appearance to the lustre. See also Lustre.
FROSTED DEVICES
- A coin with frosty white lustre on the devices and usually in contrast to fields that are proof or prooflike in appearance. See Cameo Contrast.
FULL STRIKE
- All of the details of the coin, as depicted by the designer/engraver, can be seen.




A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


 

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